Peer-Reviewed Journals

Publication cover




Reeves NP, Cholewicki J, van Dieën JH, Kawchuk G, Hodges PW. Are Stability and Instability Relevant Concepts for Back Pain? J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2019 Apr 25:1-32. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2019.8144. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 31021689  

Ramadan A, Choi J, Cholewicki J, Reeves NP, Popovich JM, Radcliffe CJ. Feasibility of Incorporating Test-Retest Reliability and Model Diversity in Identification of Key Neuromuscular Pathways During Head Position Tracking. IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2019 Feb;27(2):275-282. doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2019.2891525. Epub 2019 Jan 10. PMID: 30629508  

Cholewicki J, Popovich JM Jr, Aminpour P, Gray SA, Lee AS, Hodges PW. Development of a collaborative model of low back pain: report from the 2017 NASS consensus meeting. Spine J. 2018 Nov 30. pii: S1529-9430(18)31263-4. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2018.11.014. [Epub ahead of print] PMID:30508588 


Ramadan A, Boss C, Choi J, Peter Reeves N, Cholewicki J, Popovich JM Jr, Radcliffe CJ. Selecting Sensitive Parameter Subsets in Dynamical Models With Application to Biomechanical System Identification. J Biomech Eng. 2018 Jul 1;140(7). doi: 10.1115/1.4039677.PMID:29570752 

van Dieën JH, Reeves NP, Kawchuk G, van Dillen L, Hodges PW. Analysis of Motor Control in Low-Back Pain Patients: A Key to Personalized Care? J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2018 Jun 12:1-24. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2019.7916. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29895232 


Popovich JM Jr. Research Grant Award Winner: Importance of Spinal Muscle Function on Intervertebral Disc and Facet Joint Health. Spine J. 2017 Oct; 17(10):S113-114. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2017.07.334

Azadinia F, Ebrahimi E Takamjani, Kamyab M, Parnianpour M, Cholewicki J, Maroufi N. Can lumbosacral orthoses cause trunk muscle weakness? A systematic review of literature. Spine J. 2017 Apr;17(4):589-602. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2016.12.005. Epub 2016 Dec 14. Review. PMID: 27988341

Cholewicki J, Lee AS, Popovich JM Jr, Mysliwiec LW, Winkelpleck MD, Flood JN, Pathak PK, Kaaikala KH, Reeves NP, Kothe R. Degenerative Spondylolisthesis is Related to Multiparity and Hysterectomies in Older Women. Spine. 2017 Mar 31. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002178. PMID: 28368984


Reeves NP, Popovich JM Jr, Vijayanagar V, Pathak PK. Less precise motor control leads to increased agonist-antagonist muscle activation during stick balancing. Hum Mov Sci. 2016 Jun;47:166-74. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2016.03.006. PMID: 27010497

Zondervan RL, Popovich JM, Radcliffe CJ, Pathak PK, Reeves NP. Sagittal rotational stiffness and damping increase in a porcine lumbar spine with increased or prolonged loading. J Biomech. 2016 Feb 29;49(4):624-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2016.02.002. PMID: 26892899

Cofré Lizama LE, Pijnappels M, Reeves NP, Verschueren SM, van Dieën JH. Can explicit visual feedback of postural sway efface the effects of sensory manipulations on mediolateral balance performance? J Neurophysiol. 2016 Feb 1;115(2):907-14. doi: 10.1152/jn.00103.2014. PMID: 26631143

Saper MG, Popovich JM Jr, Fajardo R, Hess S, Pascotto JL, Shingles M. The Relationship Between Tibial Tubercle-Trochlear Groove Distance and Noncontact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in Adolescents and Young Adults. Arthroscopy. 2016 Jan;32(1):63-8. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2015.06.036. PMID: 26343942


Horn BJ, Cien A, Reeves NP, Pathak P, Taunt CJ. Femoral Nerve Block vs. Periarticular Bupivacaine Liposome Injection After Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty: Effect on Patient Outcomes. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2015 Dec;115(12):714-9. doi: 10.7556/jaoa.2015.146. PMID:26618816

Cien AJ, Penny PC, Horn BJ, Popovich JM, Taunt CJ. Comparison Between Liposomal Bupivacaine and Femoral Nerve Block in Patients Undergoing Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty. J Surg Orthop Adv. 2015 Winter;24(4):225-9. PMID: 26731385

Oomen NM, Reeves NP, Priess MC, van Dieen JH. Trunk muscle coactivation is tuned to changes in task dynamics to improve responsiveness in a seated balance task. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2015 Oct;25(5):765-72. doi: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2015.07.001. Epub 2015 Jul 13 PMID: 26216868

Cofre Lizama LE, Pijnappels M, Rispens SM, Reeves NP, Verschueren SM, van Dieën JH. Mediolateral balance and gait stability in older adults. Gait Posture. 2015 Jun;42(1):79-84. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.04.010. Epub 2015 Apr 27. PMID: 25953503

Priess, MC, Choi J, Radcliffe C, Popovich JM Jr, Cholewicki J, Peter Reeves N. Time-Domain Optimal Experimental Design in Human Seated Postural Control Testing. J Dyn Syst Meas Control. 2015 May;137(5):0545011-545017. PMID: 25931615

Kunapuli SC, Schramski MJ, Lee AS, Popovich JM Jr, Cholewicki J, Reeves NP, Crichlow RJ. Biomechanical analysis of augmented plate fixation for the treatment of vertical shear femoral neck fractures. J Orthop Trauma. 2015 Mar;29(3):144-50. doi: 0.1097/BOT.0000000000000205. PMID: 25072287

Priess MC, Conway R, Choi J, Popovich JM Jr, Radcliffe C. Solutions to the Inverse LQR Problem with Application to Biological Systems Analysis. IEEE Trans Control Syst Technol. 2015 Mar;23(2):770-777.PMID: 26640359

Popovich JM Jr, Reeves NP, Priess MC, Cholewicki J, Choi J, Radcliffe CJ. Quantitative measures of sagittal plane head-neck control: a test-retest reliability study. J Biomech. 2015 Feb 5;48(3):549-54. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.11.023. Epub 2014 Nov 27. PMID: 25553673

Cofré Lizama LE, Pijnappels M, Reeves NP, Verschueren SM, van Dieën JH. Centre of pressure or centre of mass feedback in mediolateral balance assessment. J Biomech. 2015 Feb 5;48(3):539-43. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.12.030. Epub 2014 Dec 16. PMID: 25547025


Morrisette DC, Cholewicki J, Logan S, Seif G, McGowan S. A randomized clinical trial comparing extensible and inextensible lumbosacral orthoses and standard care alone in the management of lower back pain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2014 Oct 1;39(21):1733-42. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000000521. PMID: 25054648

Beneck GJ, Popovich JM Jr, Selkowitz DM, Azen S, Kulig K; Physical Therapy Clinical Research Network (PTClinResNet). Intensive, progressive exercise improves quality of life following lumbar microdiskectomy: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil. 2014 Sep;28(9):892-901. doi: 10.1177/0269215514525059. PMID: 24572139

Smith JA, Popovich JM Jr, Kulig K. The influence of hip strength on lower-limb, pelvis, and trunk kinematics and coordination patterns during walking and hopping in healthy women. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2014 Jul;44(7):525-31. doi: 10.2519/jospt.2014.5028. PMID: 24816500

Ramsey C, Choi J, Radcliffe CJ, Cholewicki J, Popovich JM Jr, Reeves NP, Priess MC. Determination of body segment masses and centers of mass using a force plate method. Med Eng Phys. 2014 Jun;36(6):805-6. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2014.02.013. Epub 2014 Apr 13. PMID: 24731507

Reeves NP, Popovich JM Jr, Priess MC, Cholewicki J, Choi J, Radcliffe CJ. Reliability of assessing trunk motor control using position and force tracking and stabilization tasks. J Biomech. 2014 Jan 3;47(1):44-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2013.10.018. Epub 2013 Oct 22. PMID: 24262851

Priess MC,  Conway R, Choi J, Popovich Jr. J, Radcliffe C,  “Solutions to the Inverse LQR Problem with Application to Biological Systems Analysis,” IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology, in press, 2014.


Cofre Lizama, L. E., Pijnappels, M., Reeves, N. P., Verschueren, S. M., & van Dieen, J. H. Frequency domain mediolateral balance assessment using a center of pressure tracking task. J Biomech. 2013;46(16), 2831-2836. PMID: 24103778

Popovich JM, Jr., Welcher JB, Hedman TP, Tawackoli W, Anand N, Chen TC, Kulig K. Lumbar facet joint and intervertebral disc loading during simulated pelvic obliquity. The Spine J. 2013;13(11): 1581-1589. PMID: 23706384.

Reeves NP, Pathak PK, Popovich JM Jr, Vijayanagar, V. Limits in motor control bandwidth during stick balancing. J. Neurophysiol. 2013;109(10): 2523-2527. PMID: 23446693

Hallgren RC, Prokop L, Rowan JJ, Pierce SJ, Lee AS. (2013). Electromyographic activity of rectus capitis posterior minor muscles associated with voluntary retraction of the head. The Spine J. S1529-9430. PMID: 23954557

Hodges PW, Coppieters MW, MacDonald D, Cholewicki J. (2013).  New insight into motor adaptation to pain revealed by a combination of modelling and empirical approaches. Eur. J. Pain. 2013;17(8): 1138-1146. PMID: 23349066


Smith JA, Siemienski A, Popovich JM Jr, Kulig K. Intra-task variability of trunk coordination during a rate-controlled bipedal dance jump. J Sports Sci. 2012;30(2):139-47. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2011.624541. PMID: 22117102

Tsai LC, Lyle MA, Popovich JM, Jr. Re: hip strength and knee pain in high school runners: a prospective study. Phys, Med.Rehabil. 2012;4(8): 634-635. PMID: 22920320

Popovich JM Jr, Kulig K. Lumbopelvic landing kinematics and EMG in women with contrasting hip strength. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012 Jan;44(1):146-53. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182267435. PMID: 21659899


Cholewicki J, van Dieen J, Lee AS, Reeves NP. A comparison of a maximum exertion method and a model-based, sub-maximum exertion method for normalizing trunk EMG. J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2011 Oct;21(5):767-73. Epub 2011 Jun 12. PMID:21665489

Reeves NP, Narendra KS, Cholewicki J. Spine stability: lessons from balancing a stick. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2011 May;26(4):325-30. Epub 2011 Jan 17. PubMed PMID: 21247676.


Lee AS, Cholewicki J, Reeves NP, Zazulak BT, Mysliwiec LW. Comparison of trunk proprioception between patients with low back pain and healthy controls. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2010 Sep;91(9):1327-31. PubMed PMID: 20801248.
Cholewicki J, McGill KC, Shah KR, Lee AS. The effects of a three-week use of lumbosacral orthoses on trunk muscle activity and on the muscular response to trunk perturbations. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2010 Jul 7;11:154. PubMed PMID: 20609255; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2912792.
Mysliwiec LW, Cholewicki J, Winkelpleck MD, Eis GP. MSU classification for herniated lumbar discs on MRI: toward developing objective criteria for surgical selection. Eur Spine J. 2010 Jul;19(7):1087-93. Epub 2010 Jan 19. PubMed PMID: 20084410; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2900017.
Xu Y, Choi J, Reeves NP, Cholewicki J. Optimal control of the spine system. J Biomech Eng. 2010 May;132(5):051004. PubMed PMID: 20459205.
Cholewicki J, Lee AS, Peter Reeves N, Morrisette DC. Comparison of trunk stiffness provided by different design characteristics of lumbosacral orthoses. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 2010 Feb;25(2):110-4. Epub 2009 Dec 9. PubMed PMID: 20004503; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2887766.
Reeves NP, Cholewicki J. Expanding our view of the spine system. Eur Spine J. 2010 Feb;19(2):331-2. Epub 2009 Nov 28. PubMed PMID: 19946732; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2899815.


Cholewicki J, Lee AS, Reeves NP, Calle EA. Trunk muscle response to various protocols of lumbar traction. Man Ther. 2009 Oct;14(5):562-6. Epub 2008 Sep 27. PubMed PMID: 18824391.
Reeves NP, Cholewicki J, Lee AS, Mysliwiec LW. The effects of stochastic resonance stimulation on spine proprioception and postural control in chronic low back pain patients. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Feb 15;34(4):316-21. PubMed PMID: 19214090.
Reeves NP, Cholewicki J, Narendra KS. Effects of reflex delays on postural control during unstable seated balance. J Biomech. 2009 Jan 19;42(2):164-70. Epub 2009 Jan 1. PubMed PMID: 19121523.
Hodges P, van den Hoorn W, Dawson A, Cholewicki J. Changes in the mechanical properties of the trunk in low back pain may be associated with recurrence. J Biomech. 2009 Jan 5;42(1):61-6. Epub 2008 Dec 4. PubMed PMID: 19062020.


Zazulak B, Cholewicki J, Reeves NP. Neuromuscular control of trunk stability: clinical implications for sports injury prevention. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2008 Sep;16(9):497-505. Review. PubMed PMID: 18768707.
Reeves NP, Cholewicki J, Milner T, Lee AS. Trunk antagonist co-activation is associated with impaired neuromuscular performance. Exp Brain Res. 2008 Jul;188(3):457-63. Epub 2008 Apr 29. PubMed PMID: 18443772; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2768337.


Silfies SP, Cholewicki J, Reeves NP, Greene HS. Lumbar position sense and the risk of low back injuries in college athletes: a prospective cohort study. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2007 Dec 31;8:129. PubMed PMID: 18166132; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2259335.